Professor Skevos Zervos (1875-1966) performed the first successful testicle transplantation from an ape to a man in 1910… Two years later, Alexis Carrel won the Nobel Prize for similar work…
DR. CARREL FINDS ANOTHER WONDER – Keeps Vital Organs Of One Dog Alive After Separating Them from the Body – CUT FROM NERVOUS SYSTEM – A Living “Visceral Being” Now in His Laboratory – Astonishes Assembly of Physicians.
October 26, 1912, the NYT reports… “The world of experimental medicine was humming yesterday with the announcement of the latest discovery of Dr. Alexis Carrel… He had succeeded in separating from the body and brain and nervous system of a warm-body animal that animal’s heart, stomach, liver, intestines, kidney and bladder, and of having those organs live and functionate under his eyes for ten hours. As the culmination of many weary months of progressive experimentation, Dr. Carrel had before him in his laboratory a living “visceral being” living though totally severed and apart from the brain that was supposed to be the essential stimulus of life. There, under the very eyes of the eager wonder-worker, was a dog’s heart beating its 120 beat a minute, just as though nothing had happened, a dog’s stomach digesting food as though the brain were in its seat directing the whole operation, a dog’s intestines and kidneys functionating as though the surgeon’s knife had never been near. This was the achievement – an entire system of organs alive outside the body, an animal killed and its viscera living.”
Just a few months later, dateline January 8, 1913, an eminent professor and scientist, Dr. Pozzi, described the latest discoveries made by Dr. Alexis Carrel to the French Academy…
“All the thoracic and abdominal organs were removed from a cat and placed in a box containing a solution of artifical serum maintained at a heat of 38 degrees centigrade (100.4 Fahrenheit.) On account of the low-blood pressure the beating of the heart became very weak, and the organ assumed an anemic appearance, but after a few minutes the blood pressure increased and became sometimes almost normal.
By transfusing through the viscera a quantity of blood from another cat the lungs became pink, the blood pressure increased, and the heart-beat was regular at about 120 to 125. The pulsations of the abdominal aorta became violent, and one could see and feel the pulsations of the stomach and kidneys. In short, the viscera, which had been removed, became quite normal. The viscera were then placed in a box filled with Ringer solution A tracheal tube was placed at a hole in the box and food and water were injected into the stomach, which continued to do the work of digestion in a normal fashion.
When the cat experimented upon had eaten meat before death the stomach continued digesting for several hours after the removal of the viscera.”